What Is the Darknet?
Many people are mystified about what the darknet really is. First off, it may be confused with the deep web, the term for all parts of the Internet that could not be indexed by search engines. Experts say the deep web is multiple times larger than the surface web (the Internet as we know it).
The dark web (or dark net) makes up a small portion of the deep web. Its contents are not reachable through search engines, but more than that, it is known as the anonymous Internet. In the dark net, both website publishers and web surfers are fully anonymous. Large government agencies may be able to track people’s movements in this anonymous space, but the process is often immensely difficult, calls for a tremendous amount of resources, and isn’t always productive.
On the other hand, accessing the hidden Internet is amazingly easy. The most common way of doing it is through a service known as Tor (or TOR), which stands for The Onion Router. Technically savvy users may find several ways of configuring and using Tor, but for ordinary folks, it can also be as hassle-free as installing a new browser.
The Tor browser may even be used for surfing the surface web in secret, affording the user extra protection against any potential threat, from government spying to hacking to corporate data gathering. It also gives you access to websites published anonymously on the Tor network but are inaccessible to people who are not using Tor. This is undeniably one of the biggest as well as most popular parts of the darknet. Tor website addresses don’t look anything like the usual URLs – they include seemingly random character strings and end with .onion.
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Another privacy network termed I2P (the Invisible Internet Project) has grown in popularity recently. Tor has remained very popular, but there also seems to be a shift towards I2P, where users get such improvements as integrated secure email and file storage/sharing plug-ins, as well as integrated social features like blogging and chat. A lot of Tor users also like the extra layer of privacy provided a virtual private network, or VPN. Though no one can tell what exactly you’re doing online with your onion router, surveillance entities can detect that you are using Tor for something. In 2014, there was talk that the NSA was tagging Tor users as extremists or persons of interest. While that could be a very long list without any evidence of what will be done with it, it is something everyone would like to avoid. Using a VPN when connecting to Tor will practically erase this problem because then, nobody would even have an inkling that the person is using Tor.Why People Think Resources Are A Good Idea