Proper foot care for an individual comprises all activities involving attention and care given to the foot and ankle which may be either prevention of certain condition or harm or corrective measures to wounded feet. Proper care of the feet is important since the feet act as the support organs of humans while standing and walking. Foot problems can be brought about by wearing uncomfortable shoes which are ill-fitting or they are probably poorly designed which exert pressure on the feet. Purchasing shoes during morning hours isn’t advisable as one may end up buying ill-fitting shoes mostly because feet swell as a day goes by hence the shoes purchased will not comfortably fit at all times.
Joints at the base of the big toe can get out of line with the others forming bunions which are swollen and tender. Inheritance isn’t a major cause of bunions but wearing ill-fitting shoes which have a raised heel and are narrow at the toes. Plantar fasciitis is a painful condition of the feet brought about by wearing the wrong choice of shoes which makes the band tissues located underneath the sole of the foot thickens. Impromptu change of wearing elevated shoes to flat shoes or those that do not offer sufficient arch support or with very thin soles is a major cause of plantar fasciitis as well as increased body weight, standing for long hours or change of exercise or increased intensity of one’s exercise. Corns and calluses are caused by wearing poorly- filling shoes causing friction between the feet and the shoes.
Bunion correctors can involve several varieties such as toe separators between the big toe and the one beside it so as to force the big toe back to place. Bunion sleeves lower friction which reduces bunion pains, places the big toe in its correct position and minimizes tension of the feet ligaments as a way of bunion correction. Doing exercises that stretch the foot to ease the sole tension, wearing arch and foot support as well as using heel cushion and pads are the major planar fasciitis support for correcting it.
Wearing shoes that do not allow air circulation making them always damp and warm causes athlete foot due bacteria and fungi and is a very common foot problem. Athlete foot can be avoided by enhancing air circulation in the feet and ensuring that the areas between the toes are always clean and dry. Persistent fungicidal infection is controlled by dusting the feet using fungicidal dust. Moisturizers with petroleum jelly or lanolin should always be applied to the feet to provide proper care. Flow of blood in the feet is greatly enhanced by ensuring that one does not sit for long hours as well as avoiding smoking to promote proper feet care.Resources – My Most Valuable Advice