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The Good, the Bad and the Ugly – From Omega 3 to Trans Fats

The Good, the Bad and the Ugly – From Omega 3 to Trans Fats

On the other hand, saturated fats increase the cholesterol levels as they have negative effect on the body, and diet containing saturated fats should not be taken because they are bad fats. Animal and some plants are key causes for increasing the saturated fats and the diet that contains dairy products, red meat, and palm and coconut oils should not be taken in high quantity, or even better should be avoided as much as possible. The unsaturated fats are good ones that have Omega 3 fatty acid and are beneficial and the saturated fats that are bad ones and are found in fatty meat steaks, and block your blood vessels with loads of cholesterol that decrease the blood flow. And then there are the ugly fats, known as trans fats, and, in addition to your heart getting harmed, your waistline and nerves also take a hit. Trans fats are man-made for the purpose of enhancing the shelf life of the food items, thus they are contained in almost all the packaged foods, cakes, cookies, popcorn and many restaurant foods as well, such as, donuts, French fries and other fast food.

However, it is virtually impossible to entirely do away with bad foods and consume only foods having good fats. You can, however, improve the ratio by applying some simple rules to the way you cook and eat. Begin with checking the labels of the food items. You can avoid products having trans fats just by checking their labels because law requires all the manufacturers to give full detail of the ingredients of the food articles. You can also minimize the intake of trans fats by eating food prepared at home and avoiding packaged and tinned food. That way you’ll know exactly what you can find in your granola bars, for example, making sure they are rather full of Omega 3 rich nuts than saturated fats from coconut oil.

To limit your saturated fats intake opt for lean meats and trim fat from juicier pieces, and reach for reduced fat dairy, preferably vitamin D fortified for extra benefit. It is important that you should not only decrease the bad fats in your food but also increase the quantity of good fats, for which you would have to take foods containing olive oil, salad containing nuts and seeds, and diet containing fish. In case you can’t follow one of the steps in the routine, you should compensate that by the supplements rich in Omega 3 that will replenish your mind and senses, keep your body healthy and strengthen your heart.…

Why Are 4 Stroke Outboard Engines More Popular?

Why Are 4 Stroke Outboard Engines More Popular?

As a majority of you must know, outboard motors are mainly of two types, i.e., 2-stroke and 4-stroke. Each of these types has its own advantages and disadvantages. However, due to rising pollution concerns, 2-stroke outboard motor engines are now being replaced by the 4-stroke ones. Even though the purpose of both of these types of motors are same, i.e. to propel the boat, still there is a vast different in their mechanism.

The 4-stroke engines are much quite and smooth then the 2-stroke ones. They give far more comfortable and pleasurable ride. With better fuel efficiency that produce less smoke and pollution. The reliability of 4-stroke outboard engines is also high as compared to the 2-stroke ones. These engines are better suited for bigger boats. There are some waters which require the use of 4-stroke engines, i.e. a 2-stroke engine will not be able to propel the boat, and thus in this case you have no other option then to go for the 4-stroke engines.

There are some negative sides of a 4-stroke engine like complex design, difficulty in repairing, expensive etc. but still with technology being improved these drawbacks will surely become a thing of past soon.

4-stroke outboard motors consist of an engine block which is made of machined still and on its centre there is a hollow cylinder. This cylinder is critical to the functionality of the engines. There are some other parts attached to the engine block.

The piston is this engine is a can-shaped part designed so as to fit in the cylinder precisely. The rings that are there on the piston are to fit tightly against the walls of the cylinder. In the engine block, there is a crankshaft at the base. In order for the motor to operate, the piston should be connected to the crankshaft. The crankshaft of the engine is akin to the crank arms. In fact, it functions more or less in the same way.

Due to internal combustion the piston is pushed down with force. Carburetor is another important component of 4-stroke engines. Carburetor consists of butterfly valve for air and also needle valves which are there for fuel. Both these components work together to provide a proper and perfect level of air and fuel into the cylinder.

Valves play an important role in making this system work. The valves in the 4-stroke outboard motor engine are mainly of two types and that is exhaust and intake. In the intake valve, when it opens it allows the air-fuel picture to enter in to the cylinder. Whereas the exhaust valve when opens, it allow the burnt fuel-air mixture to exit the cylinder. All this happens during the course of 4-strokes.

When you look for these motors, you will find a wide variety. Just make sure that you know each and every detail about the product that you are buying.…

Avoiding Heat-Related Illness in the Garden

Avoiding Heat-Related Illness in the Garden

In summer, there are four common illnesses that affect gardeners in the heat – heat cramps, heat rash, heat exhaustion and the potentially fatal heat stroke.

Avoiding these is always important but is crucial if you’re older, less physically robust or on certain medications.

First, consider your personal situation

Are you older than 50? Overweight, out of shape or taking any medications that could make you even MORE heat- or sun-sensitive? (These include antihistamines, antidepressants, over-the-counter sleeping pills, anti-diarrhea pills, beta blockers, anti-Parkinson’s drugs and psychiatric drugs.)

If so, you’d be smart to keep a close eye on the thermometer (and the humidity level) and limit your outdoor activity when the temperature and heat index is high.

The simplest solution is to refrain from heavy garden work in the hottest hours of the day and in the sunniest parts of your garden.

Actually, it’s better for plants when you water, deadhead and prune early in the day, so plants can recover before the wilting power of the sun is at full force. Insecticides and foliar feeding of plants is usually best confined to the late afternoon when wind is lessened and beneficial insects are not present.

Just as you’d harden off plants by acclimating them slowly to outdoor conditions, you should “harden” yourself to the effects of the heat in small amounts over a couple of weeks.

Staying hydrated is critical

Water is the best choice unless you’re affected by heat cramps, which indicates a need for electrolyte replacement such as a sports drink.

Water temperature should be cool but not ice-cold. Cool tea, fruit juices and other flavored drinks can be substituted.

Caffeinated soft drinks and alcohol actually dry you out so avoid drinking those in the heat.

Dress appropriately

One of the best ways to stay cooler is to dress appropriately in loose fitting, light-colored clothing (dark colors absorb heat.) Don’t be tempted to try to beat the heat by wearing less clothing unless you want to trade heat rash for sunburn and possible skin cancer – and perhaps too much attention from your neighbors.

Break out the headbands and wristbands from the 80s, along with a shady hat or visor, these can help keep you cool through evaporation. Slather on the sunblock.

And don’t forget your sunglasses.

Even if you’re wise enough to follow all the rules above, you should limit your active hot-weather gardening to shorter periods with regular breaks to cool down and have a drink in the shade.…

ATVs – Two Stroke Vs Four Stroke

ATVs – Two Stroke Vs Four Stroke

So you want to buy a quad eh? ATVs are fun and useful off-road vehicles that are relatively inexpensive and easy to maintain. To this day, though, the debate rages between supporters of the two stroke and the four stroke engines. What do you need to know when looking at purchasing an ATV?

Mechanically, the difference between a two stroke and a four stroke engine lies in how often the spark plugs fire. In a two stroke, it fires once with every revolution of the cam, while a four stroke only fires the plugs every other revolution of the cam. With everything being equal, a two stroke will have twice as many combustions as a four stroke, which causes it to produce much more energy with the same size engine. While this may make the two stroke engine the obviously superior choice, there are real-world drawbacks that may make you want to get a four stroke.

Because of the high heat that the two stroke engine develops due to the increased combustion frequency, oil needs to be added to the fuel as a cooling agent, which in turn causes it to produce a lot of smoke. This is why two stroke engines are being discontinued from production, and two stroke ATVs will no longer be available for purchase. Two stroke quads have been used in competitive motocross and high-speed racing, and that is what they are best suited for, because the great majority of their power is found at wide open throttle. This makes it impractical for use on rocky or muddy trails, where low-end torque is needed.

Think of the difference between these two engines as the difference between a 4-cylinder import and a big domestic V8 engine. The 4-cylinder can get a lot of power when revved high, whereas the V8 has loads of low-end torque that makes it so appealing for muscle car applications. In the end, it really depends on what you are going to be using your ATV for. In most cases, a four stroke quad will be perfect for most people, be it hunters, rock crawlers, farmers, or forest explorers.

To top it off, two stroke engines require much more frequent and involved maintenance and it consists of rebuilding the top end every so often. Four strokes, on the other hand, only require regular tune-ups and oil changes. Besides, you may have trouble finding a two stroke quad to buy in the near future, as they are a ‘dying breed’.…

Warm Climates and French Bulldogs

Warm Climates and French Bulldogs

French bulldogs are very intolerant to heat and will easily succumb in hot weather. This is because of the structure of their air passages. Dogs will usually pant to lose heat when it is hot. This panting is necessary to enable heat loss and at the same time to cool air as it passes through the air passages. In Frenchies however the short structure of these passages makes it difficult to exchange heat well as it passes thus making this cooling ineffective. Frenchies may also suffer from a condition that causes obstruction of the larynx during inspiration.

Frenchies are therefore very prone to overheating especially in warm climates. By taking the appropriate steps Frenchies can survive without any trouble in warm climates

Useful Tips

– French bulldogs will normally shed hair in warm climates as a coping mechanism. You can promote this process by brushing the dog to remove any loose hair as well as by trimming the hair.

– Do not subject your dog to extreme exercises especially not in the heat. Frenchies only need mild exercise to keep them fit and healthy. Exercise should be done in the morning or in later the evening when its cooler

– Frenchies should never be left out in the heat. In summer if you are going outdoors, leave your Frenchie indoors. If you have to stay with him then ensure that it is in the shade and provide him with enough water.

– Frenchies should under no circumstance be left in a locked car out in the heat. Open the windows and if you have air conditioning leave it on.

– French bulldogs can’t swim; they are too heavy and besides swimming is very exerting. Do not leave your dog in the sun near a pool of water. The dog will be tempted to jump in and cool off. If you are there to supervise you can attach floaters to the dog and let him enjoy the water. Get your dog out of water if he shows signs of exhaustion or is having hard time breathing.

– Know how to recognize if your dog is having a heat stroke, a rectal thermometer may come in handy If the temperature is way above normal and the Frenchie is panting heavily and has a fast heart beat then take action fast.

– In warm climates, dress up your Frenchie in loose-fitting clothes made of a light fabric.

In case of a heat stroke, do not panic.

– Get your Frenchie out of the heat to a cool place

– Get an ice pack and apply especially on the face and neck area. You can also use some cool water and sprinkle it on the dog.

– Do not splash cold water on the dog or put in a cold bath as the sudden cold may cause the dog to get shock.

– You can try to get the dog to drink some cool water

With some common sense, …

Vegetarian Kids – How to Respond When Your Child Wants to Become a Vegetarian

Vegetarian Kids – How to Respond When Your Child Wants to Become a Vegetarian

Amidst those formative or preadolescent years, many children or young adults who have developed a strong love for animals decide that they want to become a vegetarian. Sometimes it is a slow build up and sometimes it is triggered by a sight or experience that leads them to making this decision. Either way this is often traumatic for parents and needs to seen in a certain context.

Some questions that need to be answered are how should parents react to this, and what are the difficulties or concerns? First, it is important to respect your child’s choice and to see it as a natural extension to how you raised him. Most families teach their children to have compassion and a concern for people and for living things, often a child or teenager’s desire to become a vegetarian is out of strong regard for life and a realization as to the insensitivity of how the food industry treats animals. Children tend to see things as very black and white, without the many rationalizations of the adult world. When they decide to adopt a vegetarian lifestyle they are really just taking the education they received a step further than their parents. If you see your child’s desire as something based on your educational values it will probably be a lot easier to be supportive.

The next concerns are usually about health and the logistics of a family member having different dietary needs. The health concern may be one that you have to give attention to depending on what kind of vegetarian you child wants to be. Vegetarians need to be more careful about balancing their food; the most serious concern is Vitamin B complex and most specifically B12, which is found most readily in animal products. If your child continues to eat dairy and eggs, meaning he will be a lacto-ovo vegetarian then he will still be getting Vitamin B complex from the animal products he is eating, but should take a blood test every once in a while to be sure he is getting enough. If he wants to remove all animal products from his diet, meaning becoming a vegan, then the he must take care to ensure that he is getting the proper amount of Vitamin B12. This can be accomplished by taking brewers yeast or spirulina plant plankton, eating seaweed, miso and tempeh or by taking vitamin supplements.

The added burden of a family member making new dietary demands is a real one, but can be seen as an opportunity for growth for the entire family. Even a young child can learn to make many things in the kitchen and a teenager can certainly learn to shoulder some of the burdens his new lifestyle will require.

As the parent, you can use this as a chance to discuss wise food choices and to help the child learn about healthier balanced eating. Use your child’s newfound …

Acquired Head Injuries and Personality Changes

Acquired Head Injuries and Personality Changes

In many cases, the sufferer is having difficulty moving and speaking and will have lost their independence as a result of their stroke. Those who had pre-stroke tendencies towards handling stress well, coping with adversity and were optimistic by nature, are more likely to react better following a stroke. Those whose pre-stroke personalities made them prone to anger, anxiety or depression will find stroke rehabilitation discouraging. Lack of motivation is a common reaction with the latter group when recovery is slow and especially if there are many setbacks. And depression and apathy can follow quickly thereafter.

Personality changes are differences in behavior, thinking and interactions of someone from what their normal character has previously been. Personalities are vulnerable to changes following a stroke but these changes may not always be permanent. Once there is an improvement in their abilities, their personality may return to their pre-stroke behavior and way of looking at things.

Some stroke sufferers may have uncontrolled bouts of crying or laughing. Some may have reduced patience and increased frustration levels, be more impulsive, lack self-confidence, be self-centered, more emotional or behave inappropriately. Others may suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder which is a fear of helplessness. Some have difficulty functioning socially and many have symptoms of identity loss which can lead to changes in their personalities. Identity loss is the feeling that many stroke sufferers have because of how they see themselves following a stroke. Their lives have been altered, especially if there have been major changes in their functioning abilities.

The following are some of the ways to help a stroke victim:

– treat them with respect and listen to what is bothering them;

– offer praise when they make an effort to work towards recovery;

– allow them to make choices. It is often necessary, however, to ensure that their choices are not ones that will place them at risk;

– discuss their personality changes with them and determine if they can identify and understand the changes in themselves;

– if they have an awareness, help them towards developing compensatory strategies;

– express your feelings about the changes and encourage them to discuss how they feel about the changes;

– discuss with them how personality changes have impacted their relationships.

If they are uncomfortable discussing their personality changes with someone close to them, perhaps it would be easier for them to do it with a third party, unbiased person who is not closely involved with them. Being aware of their personality changes can help considerably towards being able to work on them.…

The Science of Custom Vitamins and How They Work

The Science of Custom Vitamins and How They Work

As the nutrition industry has grown, there are many companies marketing vitamins and supplements that have raised lots of questions in the consumer. Which vitamins do I need? Which minerals do I need? Is there any difference between the different Vitamin C products? How do I know which gives me the right dosage?

Well the answer is, “It depends.” And that is why there’s a lot of confusion.

With Custom Vitamins, much of that guesswork is taken care of. It takes into consideration a couple of things.

1 – Age and Gender – There are specific nutrients that are needed by men and women of different ages. Custom vitamins group nutrients together to give you a gender/age specific blend.

2 – Sulfates – This test looks at your liver’s ability to detoxify. If it’s detoxifying well and it has plenty of sulfate available, then you are not going to need any adjustments for your age and gender formula to accommodate. If your levels are low, then the lab is going to provide extra nutrients on top of your baseline formula to push your body back to its normal functions.

3 – Nitrates – Too little or too high are both not good. The lab will adjust your nutrients depending on your results.

4 – Lipid Peroxides – These are highly reactive fats caused by free radicals that damage your cells and blood vessels from the insides as well as other things. High levels of these is why you need antioxidants. These come from all kinds of sources ranging from fast food to inhaling exhaust fumes. As well as other factors, your diet and environment, whether you live on an open savannah, or a smoggy city; these will all affect your lipid peroxide level.

Custom Vitamins take all these things into consideration to eliminate much of the guessing to give you exactly what your body needs to make sure it does what it is supposed to be doing. People’s diets are different. People’s lifestyles and environments are different. And people’s bodies are altogether different. No vitamin cures anything, but they are to re-support your body’s structure and function to push it back into homeostasis (a balanced, stable, and constant condition), to be the self-healing organism that it is. Keep in mind you get more than just a multivitamin, but also a multi-mineral, an antioxidant, with some liver inflammation and detoxification support in it. This is your core formulation in your custom vitamins.

Are there ADDITIONAL nutrients that your body may need? Sometimes. These also involve other tests. But in your Custom Vitamins you get most of the core nutrients that your unique body needs.…

Cut Heart or Stroke Risk With a Heart Healthy Diet Plan

Cut Heart or Stroke Risk With a Heart Healthy Diet Plan

The average daily intake of potassium, considered an essential dietary mineral, is a lot lower than health authorities would like. Researchers are convinced that increasing the amount you get might actually provide protection from heart or stroke risk and other forms of heart disease.

Potassium is known to be important to heart function, now Italian researchers have found that eating potassium rich foods can lower stroke risk by 21%, as well as possibly bringing down your chances of heart disease as well.

A stroke is defined by doctors as an interruption of the blood supply to any part of the brain due to a clot (ischemic stroke) or burst blood vessel (hemorrhagic stroke) that leaks blood into the surrounding tissues.

When the flow of blood stops, even for a few seconds, the brain is kept from getting the oxygen it needs and cells in that area die off. This is what leaves patients with permanent damage.

For the research the team pulled information about heart disease and potassium intake from 11 different studies. These studies included 358,620 men and women and information on what these subjects ate the day before. The procedure the team used, known technically as a meta analysis, looks for trends that might support a conclusion even if this was not the main focus of the original study.

They discovered that subjects who took in at least 1.64 g of potassium on daily basis had a 21% lesser risk of stroke, with lower risks of heart disease as well.

Five plus servings of fruits and veggies each day is enough to give you the protective effect, the researchers note. Supplements do not appear to offer the same protective benefits in terms of stroke risk.

The reduced stroke risk and heart benefits may be due to potassium’s ability to lower blood pressure, particularly when someone has hypertension and elevated salt intake.

Potassium may also contribute to cardiovascular system health by slowing atherosclerosis and keeping the walls of the arteries from thickening as the result of a build-up of fatty materials like cholesterol – both important in terms of preventing heart disease.

Doctor’s know the number one risk for stroke is high blood pressure. Typically men have more strokes than women do, however a woman has a higher risk of stroke during her pregnancy and the weeks immediately after delivering the baby.

Symptoms of a stroke usually come on suddenly, without any warning, or they can come and go over a day or two. If your doctor suspects you’ve had a stroke, you’ll undergo a complete physical and neurological exam to see where you stand.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture tells us that sweet potato head up the list of foods high in potassium. Fruits like bananas, cantaloupe, grapefruit and oranges are other great sources. Veggies such as tomatoes along with low-fat dairy are also great sources of dietary potassium.

Getting more potassium is a safe and easy …